What is a Mutual Fund?
When a group of people or many prospective investors with common investment objectives join hands and pool in funds (collect money) with the objective of investing ; the money so collected/ accumulated in aggregate can be termed to be a Mutual Fund.
Thus the entity which collects the money from prospective like minded investors is a Trust and is managed by a professional team and the decisions on where, how , what to invest is taken by the Fund Manager. The Fund Manager and his/ her team thus decide to invest in specific companies or products/ instruments depenidng upon the nature of the Fund viz mandated to invest in – equities, bonds, money market instruments and/or other securities.
Each investor owns units, representing a portion of the holdings of the fund.
How does an investor invest in a Mutual Fund?
For buying/ subscribing to units of Mutual Fund the investor needs to fill up the respective form , attach all KYC documents. Units of mutual funds can be held either singly or jointly (a maximum of three applicants) on either or survivor or joint basis (mode of investment) .The units can also be held/ invested as Karta of HUF. Nomination facility is available.
Mutual Funds can be held in physical form or through a Depository. Kindly note that in case of demise the Investor should inform the concerned Mutual Fund individually about the demise of the holder and also the depository.
Nomination in case of a Mutual Fund?
Nominee is just a trustee, hand has to hand over the proceeds of the Mutual Fund on liquidation to the legal heirs of the Mutual Fund holder(s).
An applicant irrespective of holding structure (single, joint, Karta HUF etc.) can register nomination while applying for (purchasing ) the units. If the nominee is a minor, then the nomination needs a guardian who needs to be named and registred with the Mutual Fund. Multiple nominations are also possible in a folio. An investor can mention upto three nominations per folio with specific percentage of the units sahred (identifiable ownership) against each nominee. A nomination can be registered (newly) or changed at any time and / or even cancelled for which standard forms need to be submitted to the Mutual Funds.
Can a joint holder be added to the existing Mutual Fund investment which is currenlty singly held ?
No , not possible. Changes in holding are not allowed by funds; addition in case of single holders & deletion of a living joint holder.
However, on demise a joint holder, name of the deceased would be deleted and then the holding becomes single holder. However the requisite forms need to be filled in.
Is it possible to change the mode of holding from ‘joint’ to ‘either or survivor’?
Yes, this being an adminstrative action by the holders amongst themselves , the same can be modified/ changed with the consent of all holders. In case of units owned by joint holders, the administrative aspects of changing from ‘joint’ to ‘either or survivor’ or vice versa is possible. However the requisite forms need to be filled in.
In the event of the demise/ death of a Unit holder, the nominee or legal heir, shall be able to redeem the investment any time due to the deceased unit holder subject to production of requisite documentary evidence to the satisfaction of the Asset Management Company
However, in case of Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS) , in the event of the death of the Unit holder, the nominee or legal heir, (subject to production of requisite documentary evidence to the satisfaction of the Asset Management Company) as the case may be, shall be able to redeem the investment only after the completion of one year (though there is lock in of 3 years) , or any time thereafter, from the date of allotment of units to the deceased unit holder. The Trustee reserves the right to change the lock‐in period prospectively from time to time, in the event of amendment(s) in the ELSS guidelines with respect to the lock‐in period.
Asset Management Companies (AMC) have a common procedure for transmission of units, however, there might be a slight variation in formats or documents required across AMCs, but broadly the process is the same.
Basic Process of transmission
The nominee or legal heir needs to submit the required documents (to the satisfaction of the Asset Management Company) along with the letter requesting transmission of units to the customer service centre of the AMC either by hand delivery or by post. If deceased had investments in many mutual fund schemes then each Mutual funds needs to be seperately contacted.
When the single holder has died and there is a Nomination registered
The bereaved family or the heirs or the Nominee needs to submit to the mutual fund house the following documents :
When the single holder has died and there is no Nomination registered
The bereaved family or the heirs or the Nominee need to submit relevant documents to the mutual fund house depending whether the deceased person has a WILL or died intestate (without a WILL).
However, the legal documents required depend on quantum of the investment to be transmitted / transferred, called as Threshold Limit.
Every Fund has internal guidelines of the Threshold Limit and varies.
|Sr. No.||Name of the AMC||Threshold Limit|
|1||Axis Asset Management Co Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|2||Aditya Birla Sunlife Asset Management Co Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|3||Baroda Pioneer Asset Management Co.Ltd||Rs. 1 Lakhs|
|4||BNP Paribas Asset Management Co Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|5||BOI AXA Investment Managers Pvt Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|6||Canara Robeco Asset Management Co. Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|7||DHFL Pramerica Asset Managers Pvt. Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|8||DSP Blackrock Investment Managers Pvt Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|9||Edlessweiss Asset Management Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|10||Essel Finance AMC Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|11||Frankline Templeton Asset Management Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|12||HDFC Asset Management Ltd||Rs. 5 Lakhs|
|13||HSBC Asset Management (India) Pvt Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|14||ICICI Prudential Asset Management Co. Ltd||Rs. 10 Lakhs|
|15||IDBI Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|16||IDFC Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|17||Invesco Asset Management (India) Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|18||Indiabulls Asset Management (India) Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|19||IIFCL Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|20||JM Financial Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|21||Kotak Mahindra Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|22||L&T Investment Management Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|23||LIC Mutual Fund Asset Management Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|24||Mirae Asset Global Investment (India) Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|25||Motilal Oswal Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 1 Lakhs|
|26||Principal PNB Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|27||Quantum Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|28||L&T Investment Management Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|29||Reliance Nippon Life Asset Management Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|30||SBI Fund Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|31||Sundaram Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 1 Lakhs|
|32||Shriram Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|33||Tata Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|34||Tauras Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|35||Union Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 2 Lakhs|
|36||UTI Asset Management Company Ltd||Rs. 5 Lakhs|
(Source: Websites of respective AMCs and public information)
If the aggregate value of the MF units which are intended to be transmitted, is below the Threshold Limit, any appropriate document evidencing relationship of the claimant(s) with the deceased unit holder(s).
If the transmission amount is equal to or more than the Threshold Limit following documents will be required:
When the First Holder of the units has died
In case of the demise of the first holder, the units will be transferred to the surviving unit holder(s) and the surviving unit holders need to submit the following documents:
When one of the Holder (among the Joint Holder) of the units has died
In the case of demise of one of the joint holders (other than the first), the units will continue to remain in the name of the first unit holder. The first unit holder has the option to register any other person as a joint holder, for which the following documents are required to be submitted:
When in an HUF , Karta has died
As HUF is perpetual, unles sotherwise dissolved , although the affairs of HUF are managed by the Karta, it does not come to an end in the event of his death. The members of the HUF can appoint a new Karta who needs to submit the following documents for transmission of units:
In case there is no surviving coparceners or if the transmission amount is more the threshold limit or where there is an objection from any surviving members of the HUF, the transmission can be effected only on the basis of a Notarized copy of Settlement Deed or Notarized copy of Deed of Partition or Notarized copy of Decree of the relevant competent Court.
|Transmission Documents Matrix- Ready Reckoner|
|Sr. No.||Documents Requried for transmission||Transmission to Surviving Joint Holders||Demise of Sole/All Unit holders & Nominees registered||Demise of Sole/All Unit holders & Nominees registered||Demise of Karta of an HUF|
|1||Letter from the Nominee/s or the Claimant/s or new Karta addressed to the AMC/Fund/Registrar.||√||√||√||√|
|2||Death Certificate of deceased Unit Holder/s/ Karta in Original or Photocopy duly notarized or attested by gazetted officer/bank manager||√||√||√||√|
|3||KYC of Nominee/s or Claimant(s) or Surviving Unit holders or HUF & New karta, Or KYC of the Guardian ( in case of nominee/claimant being a minor/ of unsound mind)||√||√||√||√|
|4||New Bank Mandate details- duly attested by Bank Manager-(Annexure I) or Cheque copy with account number and holders’ name printed on the cheque.||√||√||√||√|
Additional Legal Documents:
(Indemnity Bonds/Individual Affidavit to be on stamp paper duly notarized. KYC address should match with the address mentioned in the indemnity Bond).
|1A*||Indemnity bond signed by all legal heir/s confirming the claimant/s (Annexure-II)||√|
|1B||Individual Affidavit by the Legal Heir/s (Annexure-III)||√|
Transmission value less than Rs.200000/-
Document evidencing relationship of the claimant/s with the deceased unitholder/s
Transmission value Rs2,00,0000/- or more:
|3A||Indemnity Bond signed by all the co-parceners appointing the new Karta( Annexure IV)||√|
|3B||Notarized copy of settlement Deed or Deed of Partition Or Decree of the relevant competent Court: (In case of no surviving co-parceners and the transmission value is more than Rs 2,00,000/- OR where there is an objection from any surviving members of the HUF||√|
(Source: AMFI website and public information)
In case the claimant produces any one of the documents mentioned at point no.2 above (under Additional Legal Documents), where transmission value is Rs.2 lacs or more, then indemnity bond is mentioned at point no.1A would not be required.